Cauda Equina Syndrome


Cauda equina syndrome is a rare disorder. In patients with cauda equina syndrome, something compresses on the multiple spinal nerve roots in the lower lumbar area. This may require fast treatment to prevent lasting damage leading to incontinence and possibly permanent paralysis of the legs.

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Cauda Equina

Bundle of multiple spinal nerve roots in the lower lumbar area. The area at the end of the spinal cord, typically levels L1-L5 and contains axons of nerves that give both motor and sensory innervation to the legs, bladder, anus, and perineum.

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How long does Cauda Equina Syndrome last?

Cauda Equina Syndrome is a surgical emergency.  If patients do not receive treatment quickly, issues may arise such as paralysis, impaired bladder, and/or bowel control, difficulty walking, and/or other neurological and physical problems.

After the body has recovered from surgery, amount of time varies before the nerves are restored. Sometimes this can take years to achieve, and generally speaking medical professionals say that symptoms will improve for up to two years after surgery.


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Causes of Cauda Equina Syndrome

The most common causes:

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Symptoms of Cauda Equina Syndrome

Symptoms vary and may come on slowly. They also mimic other conditions. If you have any of these symptoms, see your medical professional right away:

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Andrew Quaile. 2019 Apr;43(4):957-961. doi: 10.1007/s00264-018-4208-0. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Leo R Spector Luke MadiganAlfred RhyneBruce Darden 2ndDavid Kim 2008 Aug;16(8):471-9. doi: 10.5435/00124635-200808000-00006.