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Remember the most common type of headache is a tension headache. Tension headaches are due to tight muscles in your shoulders, neck, scalp and jaw. They are often related to stress, depression, anxiety, lock of sleep, missed meals or use of alcohol. Other common types of headaches include migraines, cluster headaches and sinus headaches.

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Tension Type Headaches

 This is the most common type of headache with the clinical features as: 

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of tension headache is mainly clinical.  Your doctor can diagnose your headache from a description of your pain. Therefore, never forget to include all the details,  such as pain characteristics, pain intensity, pain site, etc. In most cases, your physician will diagnose tension headache based upon the above clinical feature. However, he may run some imaging tests in certain cases to rule out an underlying serious problem. Following are the most important imaging tests in this regards: 

  1. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) Brain 
  2. CT (Computed Tomography) Scan Brain 

Management 

Management of this type of pain is mainly based on discussion with patients about the causes of this type of disease and the explanation that this is not a serious disease. Many medications both OTC and prescription, are available to reduce the cluster headache, including:

Preventive medications:

Your doctor may advise you on some medications to minimize the frequency and intensity of tension headache. This is especially important when you suffer from frequent or chronic headaches that aren’t easy to go away. Preventive medicines include:  

Preventive medications can take several weeks or more to build up in your body before they take effect. So, you have to wait before seeing their effects. 

Self-care: 

Alternative treatments:

The following alternative treatment options may help:

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